Asylum Laws Germany
The Dublin Regulation
The Dublin Regulation (Regulation No. 604/2013; sometimes the Dublin III Regulation; previously the Dublin II Regulation and Dublin Convention) is a European Union (EU) law that determines which EU Member State is responsible for the examination of an application for asylum, submitted by persons seeking international protection under the Geneva Convention and the EU Qualification Directive, within the European Union.
The latest asylum legislation seeks to facilitate refugees’ integration into German society and participation in vocational training programs and the labor market. It was approved by the Bundesrat (Parliamentary Body of the Representatives of the Federal States) on July 8, 2016 after being passed by the Bundestag (Federal Parliament), and will be in force once it is signed by the Federal President and published in the Federal Gazette (Bundesgesetzblatt).
Basic Law (German Constitution)
The right to asylum is enshrined in Art. 16a (paragraph 1) of Germany’s constitution, and implemented through § 3 (paragraph 1) of the Asylum Act (Asylgesetz – AsylG) and § 60 (paragraph 1) of the Residence Act (Aufenthaltsgesetz – AufenthG). In the two latter acts, the definition of a refugee according to the 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees has been incorporated literally into the national law.
Law governing residence, economic activity, and integration of foreigners into the federal territory of Germany; frequent references to the Asylgesetz regarding specific rules for asylum seekers.
Asylum Seekers Benefits Act
Defines specific government benefits for asylum seekers, including monthly payments for living expenses and health care services.
Outlines process under which asylum is applied for and granted in Germany; asylum grantees receive temporary residence permit, insurance benefits, and integration assistance